The main international instruments that enable countries to cooperate on a wide range of global environmental challenges are international conventions and treaties on the environment and natural resources, also known as multilateral environmental agreements (EAs). Australia is known for its wide diversity of animal species and diverse environment, which encompasses beaches, deserts and mountains, and climate change is a major problem. The country is under the largest hole in the world`s ozone layer, which has an impact on the environment. Australia`s proximity to Antarctica raises concerns about sea level rise and changes in ocean currents that affect the climate. The World Trade Organization participated in the ACCORD negotiations because of the trade impact of the agreements. The organization follows trade and environmental policies that promote the protection and preservation of the environment. The aim is to reduce trade barriers and coordinate trade actions with environmental policies.  Because MEAS protects and protects the environment, they can help ease trade restrictions.  THE WTO principles are based on non-discrimination, free trade by removing trade barriers and fair competition, and THE MEAs have been rejected because they are not in line with the organization`s principles. The WTO collaborates and implements more than 350 MEAS worldwide. [Citation required] Most of the agreements cover five key countries working to improve the environment and free trade.
 WTO members are legally bound to respect the negotiated removal of trade barriers.  However, conflicts have arised as a result of trade restrictions.  Global political systems, differences and conflicts are obstacles to the development of environmental protocols. First, maintaining sovereignty means that no country can be forced to participate, but is simply invited to participate. Therefore, as French says, “international law has the force of moral evocation, but few real teeth.”  Second, the North-South conflict can block cooperation and provoke conflict.