There is currently a major breakthrough in eliminating the other comparative handicap of solar energy through the development of solar storage plus (S2) solutions. Moving the solar electricity supply and consumption profile 2-4 hours later in the day solves these problems and increases the value of solar power-producing facilities. As we have seen elsewhere at Storage.School, energy storage can restore no less than 17 different forms of value to network operators and end-users. Sterling and Wilson, an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) engineering firm, have launched a tender for the design, EPC, operation and maintenance of a hybrid, micro-network, captive micro-network network operated by solar, diesel and battery batteries in West Africa (the location of the micro-network has yet to be disclosed). Sterling and Wilson will install 30 MWh of energy storage at three sites, including a single 17MWh battery installation. Stored energy is mainly used by customers behind the meter in the education sector to provide these stakeholders with autonomy and efficiency. BP is working with Tesla on the South Dakota energy storage project. A toll structure fits well with S2 platforms with a few folds. The energy tax would include a portion of the operating costs. However, solar energy is produced on the available basis, either to recharge the battery or to deliver it to the customer.
In a conventional AAE, energy consumption costs, which are largely related to fuel, can be controlled by sending facilities. Solutions can be implemented to bring the energy tax closer to a traditional toll agreement: Masdar is working with Costa Rica in the areas of solar technologies, storage and smart cities The U.S. Department of Energy will provide up to $30 million for innovative storage systems capable of providing electricity for 10 to 100 hours. The program is called Duration Addition to electricitY Storage (DAYS) and is implemented by the Advanced Research Projects Agency. Appropriate storage technologies include thermal, mechanical, electrochemical, chemical and other technologies. Taiwan Penghu Chimei Smart Micro-Grid is now up and running. The micro-grid includes a photovoltaic installation providing usable electricity and an energy storage system. At its current size, the micro-network is expected to save approximately NT$5 million per year ($167,000) that would otherwise have gone with diesel generators. Next year, the Taiwan Energy Company will integrate wind turbines into the smart grid and increase the capacity of PV and energy reservoirs. British Petroleum (BP) has partnered with Tesla to build a battery storage project at Titan I, a BP-owned wind farm in South Dakota, USA. The Tesla Powerpack, which is being installed, is a small (212kW/840kWh) and will be an opportunity to improve battery storage technologies for future use in other BP wind and solar farms. BP expects global demand for renewable energy to increase by 6% by 2035.
BP has installed 13 wind farms in the United States for a total volume of more than 2GW and invested more than $300 million in solar power in 2017.